Reception Information for parents
Parents asked for more information regarding how we assess the children and what the terms Emerging, expected and exceeding mean for each year group.
Emerging— Yet to be secure in the end of year expectations.
Expected—Secure in the majority of the end of year expectations.
Exceeding—Secure in all the end of year expectations and is able to use and apply their knowledge and skills confidently.
Each child is assessed in terms of how well (emerging, expected or exceeding) they have achieved in all of the objectives for each subject.
English in Reception
Literacy at this age is taught as part of a broader area: ‘Communication, Language and Literacy’, in preparation for reading and writing. At this age, speaking and listening play a big part in literacy sessions, so your child’s teacher will be reading aloud and the children will be encouraged to sing songs and rhymes and join in with stories.
Speaking and listening in Reception:
• Speaking clearly and grammatically
• Listening carefully
• Acting out stories
• Singing songs with actions and intonation
• Taking part in ‘show and tell’ sessions; for example, your child may make a model at home, and tell the class about it
• Making up stories, rhymes and poems
Reading in Reception:
• Naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet
• Linking sounds to letters (phonics)
• Recognising groups of letters, for example, ‘oo’ and ‘ee’
• Hearing and saying sounds in words
• Recognising familiar and common words
• Understanding a story has a beginning, middle and end
Writing in Reception:
• Using a pencil and holding it correctly
• Writing recognisable letters, mostly formed correctly and facing the right way
• Writing their name
• Writing labels, captions and mini books
• Using phonics to write simple consonant-vowel-consonant words, and having a go at more complicated words
• Beginning to form simple sentences
• Using basic punctuation
• Beginning to learn to spell
Children will start forming letters by working on vertical lines and drawing anti-clockwise circles. They will be working on their own stories, based on books they are reading in class, and they will also put together information books. The classroom will have a role-play area, possibly a shop or cafe, and the children will use this to practise handwriting.
Maths in Reception
Children will be working with numbers every day, in a range of different ways. They will be using familiar objects to help them learn about how numbers are used in everyday life, and they will also be linking numbers to topic work; for example, if they are learning about dinosaurs they could be making dinosaur pictures out of shapes. They will be encouraged to be curious and explore numbers. They will be playing number games, singing counting songs, making models and using the role-play area, as well as being introduced to the ideas of addition and subtraction.
Numbers as labels and for counting
• Counting up to 20 and beyond
• Saying and using the number names in order
• Estimating a number of objects and checking by counting
• Matching and comparing the number of objects in two groups
• Counting out a number of objects from a larger group
• Finding one more or one less than a given number
• In practical activities and discussion, use the vocabulary involved in adding and subtracting.
• Using quantities and objects to add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on and back to find the answer.
• Sharing objects into equal groups and counting how many are in each group
• Solving problems including doubling, halving and sharing.
• Finding the total number of items in two groups by counting them all
• Using the language of ‘more’ and ‘fewer’ to compare two sets of objects
Shape, space and measures
• Comparing quantities and using words such as ‘greater’, ‘smaller’, ‘heavier’ or ‘lighter’
• Recognising and creating their own simple patterns
• Naming and describing the shape and size of solid (3D) and flat (2D) shapes
• Using everyday words to describe the position of objects
• Sorting familiar objects and describing their differences and similarities
• Making patterns and building models
• Putting two or three items in order, according to their length or weight
• Matching shapes and patterns
• Building on a basic understanding of time: putting familiar events in sequence; measuring time, using a sand-timer
• Using everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money.
Science in Reception
At this age, science is studied as part of ‘Knowledge and Understanding of the World’, and the aim is to help children to make sense of the world around them. They will learn to develop their skills of observation, prediction, critical thinking and discussion, which will come in useful throughout school, not only in science, but also in subjects such as history, geography, ICT and design technology. The children will conduct experiments, be encouraged to explore different methods of discovery, and they will start to use drawings and charts to present their findings. This is a fun and practical part of the curriculum, as the children will work with a range of materials both inside and out of the classroom.
Science in Reception:
Children study one or more of these topics throughout the year:
• Minibeasts (insects)
• People who help us
• Festivals and celebrations
• Where we live
• Seasons and weather
• Communities and cultures
As part of their topic work, the children will also be developing a range of other skills:
Investigation and exploration
• How to use their senses to investigate objects and materials
• Looking at objects and observing similarities, differences, patterns and changes
• Finding out and identifying features of living things, objects and events
Design and construction
• Using a wide range of materials to build
• Choosing the right tools to make, measure, cut and join
• Making an object with a purpose and being able to describe it
• How we use ICT in everyday situations
• Programmable toys
• How to complete a simple program on a computer
• Using a mouse and keyboard and being able to click on an icon